Avocado – Persian American


Variety Photos Greece Crete. The name “Avocado” comes from the nouns ahuacacuauhitl which means testicle tree!

Avocado is a dense, evergreen tree, which throws many leaves early in the spring. They are rapidly growing, and generally twigs to form a broad tree. Some varieties are columnar, others selected for almost uniform form. Growth shows frequent hot flashes during warm weather in the southern regions with only a long drop per year in cooler areas.

Grafted plants usually produce fruit within one to two years compared to 8 to 20 years for seedlings.

Avocado flowers are crossed, which means that the development of independent genetic lines is difficult. In fact, in flowers, the cross-right is promoted by the stigma of a flower that is receptive to the pollen before the pollen is released from the same flower. Avocado trees produce thousands of flowers and only one in 5,000 sets fruit. Considering it comes from South American forests, Avocado is admirable in its ability to thrive in a wide range of environmental conditions. It needs water and frost and prefers ungrounded, non-sensitive soils, sun and dry air.

The flesh of avocado is deep green near the skin, becomes yellowish closer to the single large, inedible oval seed. The flesh is tough when harvested but soft in a buttery texture. Friction caused by the wind can cause scarring on the skin, creating cracks that extend into the flesh. “Cukes” are seedless, round fruits. Out-of-season fruit should not be harvested with the main crop, but left in the tree to mature. The seeds can germinate in an avocado when it is over-mature, causing internal molds and damage.

High in monosaccharides, the avocado oil content is second only to the olives between the fruits, and sometimes higher. Clinical dietary studies in humans have shown that avocado oil can lower cholesterol in the blood. Avocado fruits are an important food in South America and are nutritious with high levels of mainly unsaturated oils, minerals, vitamins and reasonable levels of protein. The oil is obviously similar in composition to olive oil.

Types of avocados

W – Western Indian type avocados produce huge, smooth round, glossy green fruits that are low in oil and weigh up to 2 pounds. This is summer or fall-maturing. They have skin, flexible, non-granular skin. The leaves are not fragrant. They are grown in Florida, West Indies, the Bahamas, Bermuda and the tropics of the Old World. They are not grown in California.

G – Guatemalan types produce medium oval or pear, pearly green fruits that turn black-green when mature. Guatemalan avocados are mainly winter and spring ripening. The skin varies from thin to very thick and is granular or granular. The flesh is rich in taste and relatively high in oil. Cultivated in Florida and California.

M – Mexican varieties – the fruits are small (6 – 10 ounces) with fine-grained paper that becomes glossy green or black when ripe. The tender skin adheres to the flesh.The flesh has a high oil content of up to 30%. The leaves have a strong odor resembling anise and favored for cooking. The tree is more resistant to cooling.

Varieties of avocado available from Top Tropicals

PictureName of the varietyDeletion periodPlant sizeProductionFruit shape / sizefruit colorCold toleranceCommentsTypePlace of origin
Brazos BelleOctober Novembermiddle-long, bigpurple-blackVery cold hardProduces medium-sized, purple-black long fruit. Period: October-November. 
It can get temperatures up to 15F for a short time without any significant damage.
Brogdonend of summer-fallsmall to medium tree, moderate rigiditylow productivitypear 
7 to 15 oz
red-purpletoo highBrogdon has red-purple fruit. Weight 7 to 15 oz. The skin is very thin. Yellow Butter Flesh. It is an excellent choice for guacamole lovers. Fruits mature at the end of summer-fall. Very cold hard. Good for Central Florida. They come from the winter, in Florida, by Tom Brogdon.ΜFlorida
ChoquetteJanuary-Marchmedium-sized treebear in alternate yearsoval, 
very big 
30-40 Oz
dark green, slightly skinnylowChoquette is a fantastic Florida avocado that produces very large fruits. 30-40 Oz fruit. The skin is glossy, soft, dark green, slightly cutaneous. Flesh thick, yellow, very good quality. Oil content 13%. The seed medium, tight. Resistant to common avocado diseases. Recommended for home plantations in Florida. This avocado is where quality is intertwined with quantity, and quickly becomes one of the favorites in Florida’s winter residents.GxWFlorida
DayJuly to Septemberthin treein the shape of a clubGreen, 
soft skin
highThe avocado day is green, smooth and flower-shaped. The fruit is of very good quality and has a nice buttery consistency. The thin tree is very cold tolerant and produces in July to September.
Fantasticgreen, thin skinVery cold hardA very large cold variety, supposedly the coldest hard of all avocados. It produces green, thin skin. The fruit has a creamy texture. 
It can get temperatures up to 15F for a short time without any significant damage.
FuerteNovember to JuneDifficult spreading treesurely it is a routine yearpear, 
small to medium, 
8-16 Oz
Skin slightly rough
too highAvocado Fuerte, very cold variety hard.Green fruits, elongated, 8-16 Oz. The skin is slightly rough, thin, non-attached to the flesh. Green flesh near the skin, oil content 12-17%. Excellent taste, buttery. Medium to large seed. Difficult wood scattering with definitely alternate habit. It opens in November until June. Often used for avocado cocktails. The natural hybrid comes from Mexico’s Atlixco.GxMMexico
Medium size
yellowtoo highThe local Florida variety emerged from Wauchula, which is cold, compared to South Florida. This variety survived in winter 2009 in Wauchula when the temperature dropped to low 20sF, without any significant damage. Very unusual middle fruit size – round yellow and smooth skin. creamy yellow flesh.GFlorida
HallNovember Decembermedium sizealternative but heavy carrierpear-shapedlight greentoo high
Large, tasty pear fruit. Skin bright green, attractive, smooth, thick enough. Flesh deep yellow, oil content 12-16%, medium seed, tight. Excellent for the limited purchase of fancy fruits. An alternating but heavyweight player. The tree has excellent cold tolerance. He comes to Miami, FL by Willis Hall.
HassSummermedium sizeHeavy duty bearings 
The second year starts
Pear-sheep in the ovalblackAverageHass Avocado is dark in color with a rough and uneven skin. It will become black when mature. Average size, 10 oz. Flesh creamy, excellent aroma, no fiber, 18-25% oil content. It is known for the rich taste of walnut and the high oil content. Skin skin, rough, dark purple to black when ripe, thick. Seeds small, tight in a cavity.Maintaining the properties excellent, good sender. Heavy duty bearings. The second year starts. Top commercial variety in California. This is the most popular commercially cultivated variety. Trees have a wide variety and can be grown in the southern regions of Texas, Louisiana and Florida.ΜCalifornia
JoeySeptember Octobermedium-sized, egg-shapedpurple-blackVery cold hardSelected by Joey Ricers in Uvalde, Texas. It produces medium-sized purple-egg-shaped fruit. It has an excellent taste.Heavy player. Period: September-October.
It can get temperatures up to 15F for a short time without any significant damage.
LilaSeptember Octobermedium sizegreenVery cold hardIt produces medium-sized, green fruits.Period: September-October. Do not confuse this variety with Lula, which is popular in Florida and used for subjects (one is cold resistant to only 25F). 
It can get temperatures up to 15F for a short time without any significant damage.
LulaNovember DecemberThe tree is tall, lively, uprightbear early and heavypear tree, sometimes with neck, medium sizegreentoo highFruit in the shape of a pear, sometimes with a neck, medium size. The skin is almost smooth. Flesh open to green-yellow. Oil content 12-16%. Seeds large, tight. Medium-delay period (November-December). The tree is tall, bear early and heavy. Cold-resistant, successful in Central and South Florida where the former is the dominant commercial variety. More frost-resistant than most. It is known for its ability to endure harsh winters and for the extremely long harvest period. This makes Lula an excellent choice for homeowners in and around Orlando. It comes from seeds from a parent tree planted in 1915 by Mrs Lula Cellon in Miami, FloridaGxMFlorida
MexicolaAugust to OctoberBring early and regularlyspherical to pyrimorphic, very small 
3-5 Oz
too highVery small fruit 3-5 Oz. Skin black, thin, smooth. Excellent taste. Seeds large. Very resistant to heat and cooling. It is the coldest variety of hardness, it can withstand temperatures at low 20s. She is very much used as a parent in California’s playlists. It comes from the Pasadena of California.ΜCalifornia
Mexicola GrandeAugust to OctoberBring early and regularlyspherical to pyrimorphic, very small 
3-5 Oz
very cold hardyThis variety is similar to Mexicola but much larger fruit. He survived temperatures around 10F near San Antonio, Texas (Zone 8b). It can get temperatures up to 15F for a short time without any significant damage.ΜTexas
NishikawaDecember-JanuaryViolent and uprightOval 
AverageThe Nishikawa Avocado variety comes from Hawaii. It is a mixture of Guatemala and Mexican avocado. Average cold hardness. Ripen in December-January (in Florida), type B. The oval fruit is somewhat like Hass variety of avocado but larger. It has a very high oil content. Strong and upright growing tree.GxMHawaii
PollockFrom July to Augustvery lively treeShyLong to pear, very large, up to 5 poundsGreen, 
smooth, glossy 
lowLong as fruit in the shape of a pear. very wide, up to 5 pounds. Green leather, smooth, glossy. The flesh is tight, smooth and smooth in texture. Deep yellow that changes to yellowish green near the skin.It contains 3-5% oil. Seeds large, often loose in the cavity. Early season, July-August. Shy, very big fruit but of excellent quality. emerged in Miami in the ownership of HS Pollock.WFlorida
Capemedium to largegreenvery cold hardyAvocado Ponce. Very large cold variety. It produces medium to large green fruits.He survived temperatures around 10F near San Antonio, Texas (Zone 8b). It can get temperatures up to 15F for a short time without any significant damage.ΜTexas
RussellAugust SeptemberLight productionpear shape with long neck, very long fruitgreenlowRussel is easily recognized by the shape of the gourd. The fruit and therefore the tree is very popular in Latin communities in South Florida. The production of light discourages commercial growers, but remains an excellent choice for the enthusiast. Big fruits, 24-36 Oz. Long fruit up to 13 inches. The skin is green, smooth, glossy, thin, leather. Yellow flesh, excellent quality. Small shoots, cavity low in the wide end of the fruit, often a solid neck of the flesh 5-6 inches long.WFlorida
SimmondsJuly-Septembermean firmnessRegular player, but sometimes throws a lot of fruitElongated-oval to pyrimorphic,
light green, 
smooth skin
lowSimmonds Avocado is the most popular avocado of the first season in South Florida. Fruit large, oblong-oval to pyrimorph. Skin smooth, light green. Flesh with good taste, oil content 3-6%. Seeds of medium size, usually tight. Good production, excellent trade acceptance and excellent food quality make it an excellent choice for the garden or the olive grove.WFlorida
Winter MexicanDecember-Januaryintense tree 
bear heavy and regularLong to pyramidaldark green, 
too highFruit 12-18 oz., Skin thick, cutaneous, dark green. Seed medium, tight in the cavity.The winter Mexican variety is one of the coldest varieties of resistant. Ripe trees can withstand temperatures in the mid-20s. Long fruits, 12 to 18 oz, thick green skin, medium seed. Very intense tree, bear briskly and regularly. It comes from Palm Beach, FloridaGxMPalm Beach, Florida
Wurtz (Little Cado)May to SeptemberDwarf, 
compact and slow growth 
10-15 feet
Production is good and is a steady bearer. 
It tolerates moderately but regularly.
pear shape, small to mediumgreenhigh
Nafi hybrid. Fruit 8-12 oz. Skin of medium thickness. Good quality, 18% oil content. It is very compact and slow, reaching only 8-12 feet in maturity. Distinctive habit of developing itching. Suitable for growers, containers, patios, greenhouse use. Ideal for growing the dirt road or the pot. The tree can handle temperatures up to 25 (F) degrees. The seed is small and the fruit skin is smooth. Fruit matures green from May to September. The taste is very good.Production is good and is a consistent player. Bears moderate but regularly. It comes from Encinitas (California) by Roy Wurtz.
Yamagatavery early on 
bright and upright, dark green foliagelarge, oval-pyrimorphic with a curved neckgreenMedium to lowThe Yamagata variety is too early. He matures in Florida in March-April when no other variety produces fruit. It can mature over a long period, from March to July. The fruits are large, with small seed and green skin. Flesh green, smooth, nut flavor. It is a very nice, gourmet avocado of Hawaii, named for the agricultural expert Heiji Yamagata, who developed it. According to the Hawaiian University poll, Yamagata was chosen as one of Hawaii’s best varieties. Medium to low cold hardness.Very tall and upright growing tree.WHawaii
PoncholargegreenVery cold hardIt produces medium to large green fruits.Cold hard to 15F. 
It can get temperatures up to 15F for a short time without any significant damage.

Very cold avocado hard varieties ( PDF version )

Variety Photos Greece Crete. Avocado with cold lipstick is of Mexican origin. She is self-confident. They have thin, tender skin that adheres to the flesh. The flesh has a high oil content of up to 30%.Some varieties have leaves with a strong odor resembling anise. These avocados are known to be grown around San Antonio, Texas (Zone 8b). The avocado planted there was damaged, but it was not killed in 10F. As a general rule, these varieties can tolerate temperatures up to 15F for a short time without significant damage.

Important things to keep in mind:

  1. Small plants are very tender and sensitive to cold. When the freezer is expected, pivot the casing around the trunk for extra protection. Cover the tree with a blanket. During severe freezes, add a series of lights or a small heater under the covers. Mature trees are more resistant to cooling and do not need this extra protection.
  2. Cold tolerance depends on many factors. The location of the facilities and the protection from the wind are very important. Install a tree, so it will be protected from cold wind, which is much more dangerous than the cold itself. Avocado plants in the warmest location in the residential landscape, usually on the south or southeast side of the house.
  3. Healthy, well-groomed, plants are more tolerant.
  4. Very important: Moisture plays an important role. In general, plants grown in areas with dry winter of low humidity are colder tolerant than plants grown in the wet winter region. For example, a plant can withstand 10-15F in dry Texas climate, but can tolerate only 15-20F in a humid climate on the East Coast. Avocados need very little water during the cooling. It is very sensitive to excessive watering. There is no quicker way to kill the plant than excessive water during the cold season.Good drainage is the most important factor to consider when planting an avocado tree. In areas with poor drainage, create a soil embankment and plant the tree on the embankment.

Cold varieties:

Brazos Belle: Produces medium-sized, purple-black long fruit. Period: October-November.

Fantastic: Produces green, thin paper skin, supposedly the coolest hard of all. The fruit has a creamy texture.

Joey: Selected by Joey Ricers in Uvalde, Texas (just outside San Antonio). It produces medium-sized purple-egg-shaped fruit. It has an excellent taste. Heavy player.Period: September-October.

Lila : Produces medium-sized, green fruit. Period: September-October. Do not confuse this variety with Lula, which is a popular Florida variety and is commonly used for the subject. (Lula is cold resistant up to 25F)

Poncho : Produces medium to large green fruits. Cold hard to 15F

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