Avocado-cultivation: Conditions required for the growth of an avocado tree
Avocado-cultivation: Relevant Articles
1. What climate does an avocado tree need to grow?
2. What kind of soil is good for avocado trees?
3. Season for planting Hass Avocado
4. Make an avocado fruit tree
Although the seed of an avocado (Persea spp.) Purchased from the store is simple, the plant may not bear fruit for 15 years. Avocado trees are propagated by grafting, which means that the stem of one avocado variety is assembled into another avocado variety. The technique yields faster harvests, consistent fruit quality and disease-resistant avocado trees. Pollination, climate, soil, water and diseases are among the variables that affect the growth of a healthy, fertile avocado tree.
If you want to grow an avocado tree as a sample plant without taking into account fruit production, then you can plant an avocado tree. If, however, you want to grow your own avocado fruit, then more than one avocado tree must be planted. An avocado tree should be pollinated with another variety of avocado tree for optimal fruit set. Although avocado flowers have both male and female flower parts, each part operates at a different time during the day. Avocado trees are grouped into Type A and Type B, depending on the time of day their male and female flower parts are reproductive viable. Planting a type A tree and a type B tree increases successful pollination if there are enough insect pollinators, such as bees.
The situation that most restricts the cultivation of an avocado tree is the cold, according to the Texas A & M System AgriLife Extension website. All three primary species of avocado are tropical plants: West Indian (P. americana Mill., Americas), Guatemalan (P. nubigena var. Guatamalensis L. Wms.) And Mexican (P. Americana var., Drymifolia Blake). Mexican varieties are the most cold-resistant, but can tolerate cold temperatures only at about 20 degrees Fahrenheit. In a residential environment, the south or southeast side of a house is the warmest location and thus is the best place for an avocado tree. During icy weather, it helps to lay blankets or planks on a new tree and anchor the covers to the ground. If an avocado tree is large, then the soil or straw high in the tree trunk for the winter can help the tree survive in low temperatures.
Avocado-cultivation: Soil, water and fertilizer
An avocado tree can grow successfully in a variety of soil types and in soils with acidic or alkaline pH levels, but the tree requires well-drained soil. It results in poor drainage and saline soil. Because West Indian varieties are more salt tolerant than Mexican varieties, they are better choices in coastal areas. One option is to plant a Mexican variety that is inoculated into a West Indian subject. Although an avocado tree cannot tolerate moist soil, it needs at least 1 inch of water each week during periods of insufficient rainfall. It is recommended not to fertilize the tree until it is 1 year old. Young trees need four applications of a balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, and older trees need twice a year applications of a high-nitrogen product applied in early summer and late winter.
Avocado rot is the most serious disease of avocado trees, according to relevant studies. This disease, caused by the pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi, thrives in poor drainage conditions. Weak leaves, damp leaves, twigs and small fruits are consequences. Applying a layer of plaster and a layer of 4-6 inches from an organic, coarse straw layer under the canopy of the avocado tree, but a few inches from the trunk of the tree provides calcium and suppresses the development of root rot.
Carbonaceous, caused by the pathogen Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, infects fruits, flowers, small branches and foliage of the avocado tree, leaving spots, damage and decay. This disease thrives in areas with high humidity, dense fog and mild winters. Pruning the limbs at least 2 feet from the ground increases air circulation to the base of the tree and faeces from the tree prevent glacier parody.